spatial variability in the coefficient of thermal

On representation of temporal variability in electricity

2021/3/21While the capacity value of thermal generation can be estimated easily, assessment of wind and solar requires a more nuanced approach due to the resource variability. Reliability-based methods, particularly assessment of the Effective Load-Carrying Capacity, are considered to be the most robust and widely-accepted techniques for addressing this resource variability.

Spatial and Temporal Variability of Mesozooplankton and

Spatial and Temporal Variability of Mesozooplankton and Tintinnid Ciliates in a Seasonally Hypersaline Estuary DAVID T. ELLIOTT* and RONALD S. KAUFMANN Department of Marine Science and Environmental Studies, University of San Diego, 5998 Alcala Park,

Spatial variability in the coefficient of thermal expansion

2015/10/1Spatial variability in the coefficient of thermal expansion induces pre-service stresses in computer models of Gilsocarbon bricks Author links open overlay panel Jos David Arregui-Mena a Lee Margetts a D.V. Griffiths b Louise Lever c Graham Hall a Paul M. Mummery a

An Investigation of Spatial and Temporal Variability in Several of

regimes in the future. Natural spatial and temporal variability in stream temperatures adds to the complexity of regulating thermal pollution and restoring natural conditions of stream ecosystems. As such, managers would benefit from a comprehensive

Streams in the urban heat island: spatial and temporal

The thermal variability in moderately developed watersheds was not well explained by the model and many mechanisms were left unclear. Within this moderate range of development, storm-water management, specifically subsurface infrastructure and best management practices, are likely to have intense effects on the thermal regimes of streams.

Spatial variability of coffee plant water consumption

The K c curve and spatial variability of actual evapotranspiration (ET a) were determined using images from Landsat 8 satellite. We used images of young and adult coffee plantations from OLI (Operational Land Imager) and TIRS (Thermal Infrared Sensor) sensors over a two-year period.

Random spatial variability in the coefficient of thermal

Random spatial variability in the coefficient of thermal expansion induces pre-service stresses in computer models of gilsocarbon bricks Arregui, Jose David ; Margetts, Lee ; Griffiths, D V ; Lever, Louise M ; Hall, Graham N ; Mummery, Paul M

Narrow safety margin in the phyllosphere during thermal

Thermal ecology theory explains the interspecific variability of thermal limits when the subtle processes through which organisms modify their microhabitat are taken into account. This theory can thus be applied to many other systems to determine the thermal safety margin of ectotherms more globally.

Evaluation of the Spatial Pattern of the Resolution

With the development of urbanization, land surface temperature (LST), as a vital variable for the urban environment, is highly demanded by urban-related studies, especially the LST with both fine temporal and spatial resolutions. Thermal sharpening methods have been developed just under this demand. Until now, there are some thermal sharpening methods proposed especially for urban surface

Spatial models reveal the microclimatic buffering capacity

As under-canopy temperature data become more readily available, microclimate variability can thus be mapped across broad spatial scales. Under-canopy temperature modeling, coupled with models predicting future vegetation dynamics ( 49 ), offers the potential to enhance our understanding of microclimate and species persistence in the face of climate change.

A chemical and multivariate statistical approach to

Background The aim of this study is to evaluate the quality of soil for environment in terms of the spatial distribution patterns of some selected elements such as pH, total nitrogen (N2), sulfur (S), potassium (K), phosphorus (P), iron (Fe), and arsenic (As) in 42 surface and sub-surface soil samples. These samples were collected from different locations around the coal stockpiles of Tamabil

Linking Climatic Variability with Spatial Performance in Two

Linking Climatic Variability with Spatial Performance in Two Varieties of Quinoa Distributed in a Semi-Arid Zone 1685 in the late growing season (November). Measurements were performed on leaves fully exposed to the sun, on a typical daily cycle (sunny day

BG

Differences between station and depth (spatial variability) and among sampling months (temporal variability) in the responses to B vitamins were evaluated with factorial analysis of variance (ANOVA). Bonferroni post hoc tests analyses were conducted to test which treatments were significantly different from the control treatment in each experiment.

The variation of drag coefficient in the marine surface layer due to temporal and spatial

coefficient in regions where there are temporal and spatial variations of the surface wind and sea state. Our goal was to provide more real istic representation of the drag coefficient in the turning-wind con dition which would allow greater accuracy in calculation of

Cold Regions Science and Technology

is minimal spatial variability in total ice thickness, the individual contributions of superimposed snow ice and congelation ice can vary significantly. In their study of ice thickness on Elizabeth Lake in Lab-rador, Adams and Roulet (1980) found the coefficient of

Direct mapping of local Seebeck coefficient in 2D material

2020/8/17For the wrinkles, the sudden spatial change in the Seebeck coefficient can be explained by local strain, which is the origin of the fold or wrinkle formation in the first place. It has been predicted that local strain in graphene can alter its Seebeck coefficient with the magnitude of this effect being largest around the charge neutrality point [ 36 ].

Coefficient of variation

Definition The coefficient of variation (CV) is defined as the ratio of the standard deviation to the mean, =. It shows the extent of variability in relation to the mean of the population. The coefficient of variation should be computed only for data measured on a ratio scale, that is, scales that have a meaningful zero and hence allow relative comparison of two measurements (i.e., division

Reconstruction of Spatial Thermal Gradient Encoded in

Calcium imaging of freely moving animals We used the lite-1(xu7) background to minimize photo avoidance during free migration. The FRET-based calcium probe yellow cameleon 3.60 was driven by the gcy-8 or gcy-5 promoters to express in AFD, or ASER, respectively.5 promoters to express in AFD, or ASER, respectively.

Characterisation of the spatial variability of material properties of

resistivity, coefficient of thermal expansion, four-point bending strength, compressive strength, Young's modulus, tensile strength, thermal conductivity, open pore volume, closed pore volume and Poisson's ratio. These studies confirmed the spatial variability of

Mapping within‑field variability of soybean

2020/7/9The spatial and temporal variability of the soybean ETa from EEFlux over fields are presented in Fig 4A. In the first image (002 DAS), the major variability among the six images considered was verified, highlighting pivot 3 with two well-distinct zones, which can also be attested to with the boxplot amplitude.

Streams in the urban heat island: spatial and temporal

The thermal variability in moderately developed watersheds was not well explained by the model and many mechanisms were left unclear. Within this moderate range of development, storm-water management, specifically subsurface infrastructure and best management practices, are likely to have intense effects on the thermal regimes of streams.

Direct mapping of local Seebeck coefficient in 2D material

2020/8/17For the wrinkles, the sudden spatial change in the Seebeck coefficient can be explained by local strain, which is the origin of the fold or wrinkle formation in the first place. It has been predicted that local strain in graphene can alter its Seebeck coefficient with the magnitude of this effect being largest around the charge neutrality point [ 36 ].

On the relationship between thermal emissivity and the

Abstract The spatial variation of both the thermal emissivity (8–14/mu;m) and Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) was measured for a series of natural surfaces within a savanna environment in Botswana. The measurements were performed with an

Spatial_and_temporal_prokaryotic_variabi.pdf

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Spatial and temporal prokaryotic variability in the northern Adriatic Sea Paola Del Negro 1, Mauro Celussi 1, Erica Crevatin 1, Alessandro Paoli 1, Fabrizio Bernardi Aubry 2 Alessandra Pugnetti 2 1 Dipartimento di Oceanografia Biologica, Istituto Nazionale di Oceanografia e Geofisica Sperimentale (OGS), Trieste, Italy 2 Istituto di Scienze Marine, Consiglio Nazionale delle

Temperature Coefficients and Thermal Uniformity Mapping

26. Temperature Variability for c-Si PV Modules with Various Thermal Insulation Configurations at Isc, Voc and Pmax around Solar Noon (35 Data Points Each) 41 27. Short-Term Temperature Variation Analysis between Four Cell Locations within a PV Module28.

Sustainability

The thermal carbon emission coefficient must be determined to measure carbon emissions from thermal consumption accurately. However, the influence of energy efficiency and consumption ratio of coal-fired boilers, gas-fired boilers, and cogeneration equipment should be considered comprehensively.

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